What is hypnotherapy?
Hypnotherapy could be defined as the therapeutic use of hypnosis.
Hypnosis is a natural process that can be observed in everyday life.
They are moments when conscious attention 'drops out' of what surrounds it. This often referred as 'being absent-minded'. In therapy, by the use of specific communication techniques, this mental functioning may be induced and used by therapists to help patients reach their goal and to allow them to find the resources which are necessary for them to face the situations they meet.
A therapy which is also a learning...
It's like a learning and demands active participation from patients. They then take control of their own life again. Based on an essential therapeutic alliance, patients benefit from an individual and specific approach according to their problem and situation. The human relationship aspect is there major factor. Hearing, listening, understanding, explaining, accompanying are the core of this practice.
Since March, 2013, medical hypnosis is officially recognized as a complementary therapy in an official report of the French Academy of Medicine. It doesn't substitute itself with medical consultations with diagnostic aim. Therefore, when used alone or as a supplement to other therapeutic tools, hypnosis participates to physical as psychological comfort.
Hypnosis must be practised by healthcare professionals, and only in their areas of competence...
As a tool used in brief therapies, hypnosis allows to reach the therapeutic goal set with patients within a few weeks. It should be practised only by healthcare professionals and within the framework of their skills.
Observation of the patient, of his verbal, paraverbal and non-verbal behavior is a major phase of the therapy. These specific ways of communicating, associated to indirect suggestions, metaphors, and to evocations in images are the many tools therapist can use with patients to reach the objectives.
According to Milton H. Erickson (American psychiatrist 1901-1980): 'it is a process of behavior in which the patients modify their relations with the environment. There is a change in the orientation to the reality, most of the time focused on the internal experiences of the patient in a therapeutic frame.' 'The unconscious has a wealth of skills and resources of changes.'
Interests of the hypnotherapy
Help patients to find their immediate capacity of action. Calm and reduce the physical and psychic pain.
Experience a positive change.
Activate a dynamic process allowing the implementation of new and relevant solutions.
Learn to trust their own unconscious resources. 'Learn to know that we do not know that we know'.
Used alone or as a supplement to other therapeutic tools, hypnosis and brief therapies have a considerable number of indications for which the therapeutic effect has been demonstrated through numerous clinical experiences during the last decades.
Hypnotherapy will be indicated either in first intention, or secondarily after the failure of other therapeutic ways.
What is the hypnotic state?
The hypnotic state is a mental way of functioning, a modified state of consciousness, different from the waking state and from sleep, usually observed in everyday life. They are composed of all these moments when the aware attention 'drops out' of what surrounds the person. This is when a certain activation of unconscious functions occur. Milton H. Erickson refered to this phenomenon as 'the common trance of every day'. On average, it physiologically occurs every 90 minutes. Today, medical imaging, in particular thanks to the MRI, allows to demonstrate the modifactions of cerebral activity during an hypnosis session.
The indications of hypnosis
Hypnosis is not magic and it would be simplistic to say that it allows to cure everything. However, when used by healthcare professionals in their area of competence, we frequently observe good results.
The list is long and not exhaustive...
Rheumatology and traumatology: positive results are noted in algodystrophies, chronic pains, acute pains.
Pneumology: asthma, in particular.
Neurology: migraines, insomnia, nervous tics, anxiety, treatment of pain.
ENT: tinnitus, dizzinesses, disorders of the voice.
Psychiatry: all types of neurosises (flying phobia, agoraphobia, insectophobia, OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER), eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia), aggressiveness, depressions, post-traumatic neurosis.
Psychotherapy: stress, professional burn-out, lack of confidence, shyness, preparation for exams, school problems, problems of interpersonal skills, smoking cessation and other addictive conducts (gambling, video, Web games, etc.)
Sexology: erectile and ejaculation dysfunction, vaginismus and other sexual dysfunctions.
Gastroenterology: digestive somatic and functional disorders, all the psychic components of hemorrhagic rectocolitis, Crohn's disease, and peptic-ulcer, functional colonopathy.
Sports medicine: visualization and anticipation in hypnosis are used to improve performances.
Dermatology: eczema, psoriasis, warts, pruritus.
Nutrition: for obesity therapies or thinness.
Oncology: using visualization in hypnosis to increase the action of chemotherapy or bone-marrow transplants. It is recognized that hypnosis allows to increase immunizing defense reactions.
Anesthesia: hypnosis is used in operating blocks for plastic surgery surgical operations (face-lift, artificial breasts), thyroid surgery, endoscopy, carotid surgery. It proved efficient in the preparation to every type of surgery: management of operating stress, but also pain and nausea within the framework of post-operative recovery.
Vascular pathology: certain arterial high blood pressures, Raynaud's disease.
Obstetrics: during pregnancy, hypnosis accompanies future moms providing greater comfort and helps them to manage frequent stress. It is also used in the preparation to delivery.
Stomatology and dental surgery: thanks to the learning of self-hypnosis, it facilitates dental treatments by allowing a better management of pain, bleeding, and salivation. Hypnosis is also used in preparation for the dental treatment of patients who are 'phobic' of dentists or dental care...
In general medicine: for most of the indications enumerated above, it can be used alone or in complementarity to treatments introduced by the GP.
Coming soon on this page:
How to find a practitioner in therapeutic hypnosis?
Last edited: 13/07/2017